Caddo Pottery

 

 

 




























NADACO (ANADARKO)





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Iesh (Aach) (Jose Maria) 1842 - 1862
(Texas Beyond History Wbesite by U of T Austin, Tejas Exhibit) (also Los Caddo Y Los Comanche, Sandy Phan, 2013.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 






LIST OF THE HISTORIC CADDI OF THE CADDO BANDS

KahWinHut 12-30-2014

Caddi in Caddo means Chief. The list below represents a compilation and semi-lineage of the many Caddo Chiefs of the different Caddo bands from extended research through many different sources, which are noted. This list is not inteded to be a definitive or exhaustive list, but rather a well researched and organized resource for those that are interested. I welcome any comments or sourced adjustments.

This list if far from finished. I just wanted to get it started and get it out there for people to look at or to give me updates and suggestions. Thanks!

Prior to 1720 most Caddo and Hasinai villages were organized and presided over by a priest chief called a Xinesi. However starting in 1720 the Xinesi priest chief position died off as connas become prevelant as the priest and the caddi became prevalent as the individual village's chief. The distribution of power to each individual village around the 1720's was a survival mechanism to maintain sovereignty from encroaching foreign nations.

Cheocas below might well represent the last of the Xinesi or the very first of the caddi taking over leading a village group.

CADDO (KADOHADACHO) HASINAI (HANAI) NATCHITOCHES & YATASI
  Cheocas, 1721
(source: Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians, John R. Swanton, pp18.)
 
Tinhiouen (Tin-o-win) 1770
(source: Indian Tribes of Oklahoma, Muriel H. Wright, pp.49)
Vigotes (also Bigotes) (Nacogdoches, Hasinai chief), 1771
Died in 1777 due to epidemic.
(source: Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians, John R. Swanton, pp70., Caddo Connections, Jeffrey S. Girard, Timothy K Perttula, Mary Beth Trubitt, p111.)
Cocay (Yatasi chief), 1771
(source: Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians, John R. Swanton, pp70.)

Suato, (Natchitoches chief) 1771 (BIGOTES, Suato is what the Spanish started calling Bigotes after they recognized him as the head chief. He probably represented the Natchitoches and Yatasi too)
(source: Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians, John R. Swanton, pp70.)
"Carody" (Old Caddo Chief), 1807
(source: Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians, John R. Swanton, pp82.)
  Tomoc, 1808 - 1834
(source: Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians, John R. Swanton, pp83.)
Duhahuit, 1830s - 1833
(source: Life Among the Texas Indians, WPA Narratives, David La Vere, pp28.)
   
Tarshar, 1834
(source: The Texas Indians, David La Vere, pp??..)
   
Red Bear, 1842
(source: Indian Tribes of Oklahoma, Muriel H. Wright, pp.50)
   
Chowawhana, 1842 - 1845
(source: Indian Tribes of Oklahoma, Muriel H. Wright, pp.50)
   
Bin-tah, (Wounded Man), 1843
(source: Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians, John R. Swanton, pp96.)
  Cho-wee, (The Bow), 1843
(source: Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians, John R. Swanton, pp96.)
Haso-dib-bar (Bah-sin-de-bar?), 1848
(source: Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians, John R. Swanton, pp99.)
   
Quinahiwi, 1861
(source: Indian Tribes of Oklahoma, Muriel H. Wright, pp.52)
Kutchaw (Ca-Shao) 1859
(source: Indian Tribes of Oklahoma, Muriel H. Wright, pp.156)
 
 
Showetat (Little Boy) "Caddo George Washington", 1862
(source: Indian Tribes of Oklahoma, Muriel H. Wright, pp.52)
Showetat (Little Boy) "Caddo George Washington", 1862
(source: Indian Tribes of Oklahoma, Muriel H. Wright, pp.52)
 
 
White Deer (White Antelope) Caddo Delegate to the White House 1872
NOT CHIEF, just DELEGATE
(source: Indian Tribes of Oklahoma, Muriel H. Wright, pp.52)
WhiteBread, 1902 - 1913
(Texas Beyond History Wbesite by U of T Austin, Tejas Exhibit)
 
   
Enoch(Enock) Hoag, last Caddo Chief, from 1896 until at least 1927 of Sugar Creek Northern Division (Kaduhadacho)
(source: Indian Tribes of Oklahoma, Muriel H. Wright, pp.53)
(source: Notes on the Caddo, Elsie Clews Parsons and White Moon, pp.10)
Harry Age (Chuitsi) becomes Harry Edge later chief of Southern Division Fort Cobb in 1922.
(source: Notes on the Caddo, Elsie Clews Parsons and White Moon, pp.10)
 


Caddo Clans or Caddo Clan System

Clan Name Clan Name in Caddo
Sun Clan sah-ku
Thunder Clan Ka-gah-hah-nin
Eagle Clan Iwi
Panther Clan Kishi
Raccoon Clan Oot
Beaver Clan Tah-oh
Crow Clan Kah-Kah-ih
Bear Clan Naw-tsi
Wolf Clan Tasha
Buffalo Clan Tanaha
Alligator Clan Kuh-huh

(source: Notes on the Caddo, Elsie Clews Parsons and White Moon, and Mooneypp.12)






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